Listando directorios y archivos UNIX/Linux -Tutorial-

   Linux_logo            ls (list)

En cada inicio de sesión, el directorio de trabajo actual es el el directorio principal. Nuestro directorio principal tendrá el mismo nombre que nuestro nombre de usuario

aquí un ejemplo donde yheredia es el nombre de usuario:


Para listar lo que está en nuestro directorio principal escribimos ls , este comando lista el contenido del directorio de trabajo actual.

Si ejecutamos el comando ls probablemente no haya archivos visibles (si somos usuarios de una reciente instalación), en ese caso, el prompt no nos mostrará nada, pero puede haber algunos archivos creados por el administrador de sistemas cuando la cuenta fue creada.

ls no hará el trabajo de listar los archivos o directorios contenidos en el directorio que nos encontremos, si éstos al inicio  de su nombre de archivo o directorio contiene un punto (.), esta clase de archivos son conocidos como archivos o directorios ocultos y usualmente contienen importantes programas de configuracion, ellos están ocultos porque no deberias modificar los archivos al menos que estes muy familiarizado con el entorno UNIX/LINUX !! 🙂

Para listar todos los archivos que se encuentran en nuestro directorio incluso aquellos que están ocultos escribimos en la terminal escribimos:

ls -a

Como podemos ver este comando lista los archivos y directorios que usualmente están ocultos


Observando la imagen todos los archivos y directorios que comienzan con un punto (.) por ejemplo .profile (ejemplo archivo) o .cache (ejemplo directorio) son archivos y directorios ocultos.

Para obtener más información sobre este comando escribimos en la terminal

man ls

Esto es todo, hasta la próxima alguna duda, sugerencia o comentario no duden  escribirme ! 🙂


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